We use the present simple to describe:
• routines and habits
I send a lot of emails.
• situations which are generally true or stay the same for a long time:
He doesn’t work very hard.
We use adverbs of frequency with the present simple:
I always / sometimes / rarely / never write letters.
I write letters once I ten times a week I year.
The verb be doesn’t have the same form as other verbs:
I am a student. They are not here.
Is she always friendly? Yes, she is.
TIP: Some verbs, which describe feelings and states, are not usually used in continuous tenses:
be – like – love – hate – prefer – know – understand – remember – forget – want – own – need
I need a new computer. NOT
I‘m needing a new cemputer.
He doesn’t understand you. NOT
He isn’t understanding you.
|I / You / We / They||He / She / It|
|+||We live next door.||He lives here.|
|-||I don't work here.||She doesn't work here.|
|Yes/No question||Do your friends write emails?|
Yes, they do. / No, they don't.
|Does your sister write a blog?|
Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.
We use the present continuous to describe:
• actions right now, at the moment of speaking:
He’s not cooking dinner, he’s watching TV.
• temporary actions around the present time: ‘ I
They’re travelling around Asia this year.
We often use these time expressions with the present continuous:
I’m working at a supermarket right now / these days
/ at the moment / today / this summer etc.
sleep - watch - say
sleeping - watching - saying
|Stressed vowel + one consonant (not w, x, y)|
stop - run - get
|2x consonant + -ing|
stopping - running - getting
|Consonant + -e|
live - make - have
|- -e and+ -ing|
living - making - having
|I||He / She / It||You / We / They|
|+||I'm watching TV||She's helping.||We're working hard.|
|-||I'm not feeling well.||It's not raining.||They're not sleeping.|
|Yes / No questions||Am I looking aright?|
Yes, I am. / No, I'm not.
|Is he working late?|
Yes, he is. / No he isn't.
|Are they enjoying the party?|
Yes, they are. / No, they aren't.
Tip: is not and are not can be contracted two
is not= isn’t = ‘s not
are not= aren’t= ‘re not
Now let’s have some practice on present simple and present continuous
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